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Old May 8, 2012, 06:58 PM
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The one hundred most influential books, according to Seymour-Smith, in the approximate chronological order he gives:
# Author or source Title Date Public domain?
3 Homer Iliad and Odyssey 8th – early 7th century BCE
4 Hindu scripture Upanishads 9th[1] – 6th[1] century BC (not in its entirety)
7 Confucius Analects 5th–4th century BCE (when I lived in China, it was one of the few books that you could get in English along with the English classics!)
8 Thucydides History of the Peloponnesian War 5th century BCE
10 Aristotle Works 4th century BCE
11 Herodotus Histories 5th century BCE
12 Plato The Republic 380 BCE
13 Euclid Elements 280 BCE yes
15 Virgil Aeneid 19 BCE
18 Christian scripture New Testament ca. 50–100 CE
25 Augustine of Hippo Confessions 400 CE (law class)
26 Muslim scripture Quran 7th century
27 Moses Maimonides (never really read anything by him but know about him as I visited a museum which had information about him, his work and his life. Also, visited a house he was supposed to have lived in, in Fez, Morocco)
29 Thomas Aquinas Summa Theologiae 1266–1273 (Bits and pieces as part of land law and legal theory funnily enough - along with some St. Augustine)
32 Niccolò Machiavelli The Prince 1532
38 Miguel de Cervantes Don Quixote 1605 and 1615
41 William Shakespeare First Folio 1623
44 Thomas Hobbes Leviathan 1651
50 John Locke Essay Concerning Human Understanding 1689
52 Giambattista Vico The New Science 1725, revised 1744
55 Samuel Johnson A Dictionary of the English Language 1755 (Been to his house too!)
56 Voltaire Candide 1759
57 Thomas Paine Common Sense 1776
58 Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations 1776
60 Immanuel Kant Critique of Pure Reason 1781, revised 1787
61 Jean-Jacques Rousseau Confessions 1781 (And his Social Contract)
62 Edmund Burke Reflections on the Revolution in France 1790 (and other essays and speeches by him)
65 Thomas Robert Malthus An Essay on the Principle of Population 1798, revised 180
66 George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (Read Hegel, but not this particular text)
71 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels Communist Manifesto 1848
73 Charles Darwin The Origin of Species 1859
74 John Stuart Mill On Liberty 1859 yes
76 Gregor Mendel Experiments on Plant Hybridization 1866
79 Friedrich Nietzsche Thus Spoke Zarathustra 1883–1885
80 Sigmund Freud The Interpretation of Dreams 1900
86 Franz Kafka The Trial 1925 (Metamorphosis and Other Short stories as well)
88 John Maynard Keynes
89 Jean-Paul Sartre
90 Friedrich von Hayek (Read other books and articles by the above three but not the specific texts)
93 George Orwell Nineteen Eighty-Four 1949
95 Ludwig Wittgenstein Philosophical Investigations 1953
99 Mao Zedong (attributed) Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong (Little Red Book) 1966

Surprised that St. Thomas More's Utopia or Ovid's Metamorphoses (greatly influenced Marlowe and Shakespeare) or Mein Kampf didn't make it to this list. Nothing by Bertrand Russell either - funny considering Wittgenstein was his protege!
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