Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh in Wikipedia
Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh (a.k.a 'Jamaat') is the largest Islamist political party in Bangladesh. Jamaat collaborated with the Pakistan army to unsuccessfully prevent the independence of Bangladesh in 1971, was subsequently banned, then resumed activity in 1978 when President Ziaur Rahman came to power.
History of the party
British India (1941-1947)
The Jamaat-e-Islami was founded in pre-partition India by Syed Ab'ul Ala Maududi in 1941. Maulana Maududi moved to Pakistan from India after independence and the current party in Bangladesh originated out of the East Pakistan wing of the party. However, Jamaat had opposed the creation of a Pakistan as a separate state for the Muslims of India. While persisting in his Anti-Pakistan ideology, Maududi wrote in one of his books, *"If we have ever uttered a single word in the favor of creation of Pakistan, it must be proved with references." That is why Jamat-e-Islami also did not support the Muslim League, the largest Muslim party, in the core election of 1946.
Pakistan Period (1948 - 1971)
After the creation of Pakistan, Jamaat-e-Islami was divided into separate Indian and Pakistani organisations. The Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh originates from Jamaat wing in the then East Pakistan. Jamaat strongly opposed for an independent Bangladesh through means of war, which it saw as against Islam. However, Ameer Ghulaz Azam has stated many times that he was willing to support an independent Bangladesh through political means. At liberation war of Bangladesh Jamaat not only aided Paksitan army by providing information or pro-independent Bangladeshis but also itself created many militia organization such as Razakar, Al badr, as shams in order to capture and eventually kill freedom fighters. Thus the party is regarded to Bangladeshis as quisling of Bangladesh. Their chief activities as part of the Razakar militia involved extensive participation in the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities against Hindus and perceived "false Muslims" in Bangladesh in that period. In 1971 its top leader were ex-chief, Golam Azam,Matiur Rahman Nizami, Ali Ahsan Mujahid, Muhammaad Kamaruzzaman, Delwar Hossain Sayeedi etc.
One of Jamat's top leader, Mujahid’s statement on “Daily Sangram” on October 15th ,1971
“The youths of the Razakars and al-Badar forces and all other voluntary organizations have been working for the national to protect it from the collaborators and agents of India. But, recently it was observed that a section of political leaders like ZA Bhutto, Kawsar Niazi, Mufti Mahmud and Asgar Khan have been making objectionable remarks about the patriots.
Jamaat opposition of Bangladesh Independence
In his autobiography, Azem wrote the following:
26 March 1971:
First driver took me to Dhaka university area. Saw the brutal sceneray, mass killing of man-woman, child,livestock. Then went to NayaBazar , sometimes on the road and sometimes on rickashw there are dead bodies. Looks like an army are in war with enemy. I think to suppress the protesters only killing threat was enough instead of killing. But military advisors in reality have different view of suppress any protest. …Some questions came out in my mind. Will Bangladesh get the true independency after being separated from Pakistan by Indian help ? 7/8 days passed on this thinking.
3 April 1971:
Secretary General of Nezami Party, Moulavi Farid Uddin Ahmad called me and informed that he and kahaza naiuddin decided to meet General Tikka Khan. Tikkha Khan asked us to go meet him on 4th April. I surprisely asked about who was behind the meeting. He replied “we wants to meet and Tikka Khan also wants to meet leaders who believe in united Pakistan”.I talked with Dhaka city Ameer Khurram Murad and decided to go meet General Tikka Khan. We meet Tikkha khan and Rao Forman Ali there. Rao Foman ali told us that “Awami League wants to separte fro Pakistan and be servant of India. But we are unable to make people understand this. You are known leaders to people. If you speech people these , people will accept it. If you broadcast the speech on radio it will easily received by people. We have arranged the recording here. We can record and broadcast today. “Rao Formam Ali said all these on such a beautiful way that Nurul Amin instantly agreed to recorc his speech and so as two other of my accompanies. But I said , I need time to make the speech contents. Thus I took time to discuss with my fellows. After discussing with Khurram Murad, Provician Secretary abdul Khaleq, Centaral Nayeb Amir Abdur rahim we made a draft for speech without mentioning Awami League, Independence or any other army action. We mentioned that India can’t be our friend and India would conquer our country under current situation.
Rezakars used to guard where there is a threat of Mukti Bahini attacks. Mukti Bahini used to dynamite bridges to disturb movement of armed military. So, Rezakar party started to guard these areas. Mukti Bahini used to come at schools to convince students of joining Mukti Bahini, so Rezakars also started guarding schools to prevent of coming Mukti Bahini. Electric supply sources also guarded by rezakars. On last days of April, Peace Committee was formed in a meeting on Nurul Amin’s residence. There I told on the meting that we sincerely want to keep Pakistan united. With everybody’s agreement peace committee is formed.
My Feeling on 16th December,1971
Although BBC was giving news against Pakistan, I had no other source no get info from East Pakistan then BBC.On last days of Pakistan army’s surrender I became worried that because of Pakistan army’s surrender there would be no control on law and order. Indian army cannot restore law and order. Under this circumstances, secular, leftists Mukti Bahni would carry a mass-killing . In other cities they would carry further brutal actions. Those who are Islamic activists would be tortured by Mukti Bahini.
On December 14th, 1971, the Pakistan army, which collaborated with Jamaat during the 1971 war for Bangledesh's liberation , killed many top intellectuals/scholars of Bangladesh. December 14th today is known as Intellectual Killing Day in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Period (1978 - present)
Jamaat was banned after victory of Mukti Bahini and its top leaders fled to West Pakistan. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman , first president of Bangladesh also cancelled the citizenship of Golam Azam, the leader of Jamaat. Azam then moved to London, and other leaders moved to the Middle East. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was assassinated in 1975, enabling army chief Major general Ziaur Rahman to seize power. With Rahman's coup, Jamaat again resumed political activities in Bangladesh. Rahman also allowed Azam to return to Bangladesh as the leader of Jamaat.
After the end of military rule in 1990, protests began against Azam and Jamaat under war criminal charges headed by Jahanara Imam, an author who lost her two sons and husband in the liberation war. Azam's citizenship was challenged in supreme court as he was holding a Pakistani passport. Due to lack of applicable legislation for war crimes, Bangladesh's supreme court had to allow Azam to have a Bangladeshi passport and continue its political activities. Imam died a few years later, and since then no protests against Jamaat alleging war crimes has occurred.
The Jamaat in Parliament Elections
1. 1973 Parliament Election: Party was banned because of its opposition of Bangladesh independence and collaborted with Pakistan army.
2. 1978 Parliament Election: Party was allowed to start political activities.
3. 1986 Parliament Election: Did not participate.
4. 1991 Parliament Election: Won 18 seats.
5. 1996 Parliament Election: Won 2 seats.
6. 2001 Parliament Election: Won 17 seats (took part by forming alliance with 3 other parties).
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Razakars (Bangladesh))
Not to be confused with Razakars (Hyderabad).
Razakars was the name given to a paramilitary force organized by the Pakistan Army during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. The word, originating from Persian, literally means "volunteer". It was composed of mostly pro-Pakistani Bengalis and Urdu-speaking migrants to erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). Initially, the force was under the command of local pro-Pakistani committees. But through the East Pakistan Razakar Ordinance (promulgated by General Tikka Khan on 1 June 1971) and a Ministry of Defence, Pakistan, ordinance (promulaged 7 September 1971), Razakars were recognized as members of the Pakistan Army. Razakars were allegedly associated with many of the atrocities committed by the Pakistan Army during the 9-month war (see 1971 Bangladesh atrocities).
Following the liberation of East Pakistan as the independent country Bangladesh, most of the leading Razakars, including Golam Azam, fled to Pakistan. Although Golam Azam maintains that he went to Pakistan to participate in the Annual General Meeting of his organization Jamaat-e-Islami, he remained overseas until General Ziaur Rahman allowed him to return in Bangladesh. Many of the lower ranking Razakars who remained in Bangladesh were killed in the course of reprisals immediately after the end of fighting while as many as 36,000 were imprisoned. Of the latter many were later freed mainly because of pressure from US and China who backed Pakistan in the war, and because Pakistan was holding 200,000 Bengali speaking military and civilian personnel who were stranded in West Pakistan during the war.
In 1992, after restoration of democracy, an unofficial “Court of People” (Bengali: গণআদালত Gonoadalot) “sentenced” Golam Azam and his ten accomplices to death for war crimes and crimes against humanity. Jamaat-e-Islami was already a part of the ruling four-party alliance in Bangladesh and so the “verdict” was ignored. Moreover, the then BNP government returned Bangladeshi nationality to Golam Azam, as it had been taken from him after the war. Subdued during the rule of Awami League from 1996-2001, Jamaat returned in full force after the next election in October 2001 in which a four party alliance led by BNP won a landslide victory. The new leader of Jamaat after Golam Azam’s retirement, Motiur Rahman Nizami, a Rajakar and among the ten people tried by the Gonoadalot, became an influential minister in the Government.
The word Rajakar today carries the meaning 'traitor' in common Bangladeshi parlance (similar to the usage of the word Quisling after the Second World War).
Abbas Ali Khan
Matiur Rahman Nizami
Delwar Hossain Sayeedi
Ali Ahsan Mujahid
Charmonai Piir: Maulana SM Fazlul Karim
Abdul Kader Mollah
A S M Solaiman
Ayen ud Din
Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh (JIB) is internally more "democratic" than any other political party is Bangladesh, save the Communist Party. Meaning you may "dissent" only within stringent ideological norms and guidelines of the party.
They take their time to extensively screen and indoctrinate prospective cantidates before registering them as members. JIB members directly create and amend the party platform, and elect their leaders at all levels, similar to major political parties in the US.
They don't need the type of "democratic reforms" parties such as the BAL, BNP and BJP are still falling far short of. The "democratic reforms" those parties are talking about don't go beyond the questionably "more democratic" totalitarian rule of "collective leadership" as opposed to the traditional crypto-fascist, semi-feudal, hereditary authoritarian rule they've accepted with notable glee in the not too distant past.
Back to the JIB.
Financially, JIB not is corrupt in the traditional sense. They exploit various loopholes and get financed through a wide variety of NGOs and "Islamic" banks with direct ties to various Wahabi and Maududi quarters in Saudi Arabia, the Gulf States, and of course, the spiritual center of Maududism in Pakistan. They work closely with anti-pluralist, anti-democratic, Islamo-fascist organizations like Hizbut Tahrir.
This money runs a wide variety of social programs for the marginalized, especially in the north of the country. This is where many of their regular cadres are recruited and trained. Colleges and Universities are places where future leaders are recruited and developed for a wide variety of missions designed to eventually undermine the Constitution of the People's Republic.
The Parliamentary mission is mere eyewash, a PR move. JIB conducts regular surveys and knows that they’re unlikely to get more than 20 seats in the Parliament, hence their more covert missions include infiltrating the Civil, Judicial, Military and Police services. Their disciplined membership "guarantees" an additional 50,000 plus vote in each one of our 300 constituencies, and it is those votes that make their involvement in election coalitions so alluring.
It is important to note that 201 of the 300 seats tend to change MPs in closely contested elections where those 50,000 votes can make all the difference. The BAL has won only 33 and BNP only 66 of the same seats out of 300 every
time during the last 3 elections.
Active participation in government, and holding key portfolios such as Social Welfare, Agriculture and Industries facilitated more infiltration in a more deceptively transparent manner, as their "candidates" tend to be more than qualified as per "approved" standards. The current CTG is busy purging those public services of this illegal and carefully concealed element.
JIB's direct involvement with JMB is enough to call for the current "covert" investigation underway, and will eventually result in their much awaited demise. All of the JMB leadership are "former" JIB members. The trouble is, in reality there's no such thing as a "former" JIB member, especially from the Shathi
The mainstream leadership of Nizami, Mujaheed and the English-speaking mouthpiece Barrister Razzak, tolerated these so called fringe elements in a manner so that it could maintain plausible deniability. Fringe groups can make a society ungovernable with obvious benefits to "law and order" outfits such as JIB and their moles in the public services, as the general public grows insecure and calls for a state of permanent emergency.
The JIB leadership didn't anticipate JMB spiraling out of control when
it did and the efficiency with which they were defeated by the Army and RAB. They have been exposed and it's a matter of time before they're implicated the most serious crime of all - sedition. The punishment for sedition - which covers conspiracies to undermine the letter and the spirit of our Constitution - is death.
Edited and pasted from another thread ...
"And do not curse those who call on other than GOD, lest they blaspheme and curse GOD, out of ignorance. We have adorned the works of every group in their eyes. Ultimately, they return to their Lord, then He informs them of everything they had done." (Qur'an 6:108)
Last edited by Sohel; October 21, 2007 at 02:34 PM..