Originally Posted by view360
The answer can be found by oberserving the results. Those two systems are already in place in different countries in the world. We need to pick up countries one by one which is practicing either of those two systems to see how it is doing at this moment.
This is not very difficult to find out the successful one.
I found one!
There is tremendous variety in the interpretation and implementation of Islamic Law in Muslim societies today. Liberal movements within Islam
have questioned the relevance and applicability of sharia
from a variety of perspectives; Islamic feminism
brings multiple points of view to the discussion. Several of the countries with the largest Muslim populations
, including Indonesia, Bangladesh and Pakistan
, have largely secular
constitutions and laws, with only a few Islamic provisions in family law
. Turkey has a constitution that is officially strongly secular. India
and the Philippines
are the only countries in the world which have separate Muslim civil laws
, framed by Muslim Personal Law board
, and wholly based on Sharia and the Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Philippines
. However, the criminal laws are uniform. Some controversial sharia laws favour Muslim men
, including polygamy
and rejection of alimony
. Most countries of the Middle East and North Africa maintain a dual system
of secular courts and religious courts, in which the religious courts mainly regulate marriage and inheritance. Saudi Arabia and Iran maintain religious courts for all aspects of jurisprudence
, and religious police
assert social compliance. Laws derived from sharia
are also applied in Afghanistan, Libya and Sudan
. Some states in northern Nigeria have reintroduced Sharia courts
In practice the new Sharia courts in Nigeria have most often meant the re-introduction of harsh punishments without respecting the much tougher rules
of evidence and testimony. The punishments include amputation
of one/both hands for theft, stoning for adultery and apostasy.
Many (including the European Court of Human Rights
) consider the punishments prescribed by Sharia as being barbaric and cruel.
Islamic scholars argue that, if implemented properly, the punishments serve as a deterrent to crime.
In international media, practices by countries applying Islamic law have fallen under considerable criticism at times
. This is particularly the case when the sentence carried out is seen to greatly tilt away from established standards of international human rights. This is true for the application of the death penalty for the crime of adultery, and other such punishments such as amputations for the crime of theft and flogging
or public intoxication
Though Islamic law is interpreted differently across times, places and scholars, following fundamentalist's
literal and traditional interpretations, Muslim scholars believe
it should legally be binding on all people
of the Muslim faith
and even on all people who come under their control.
proposed by lawmakers in the Indonesian
province of Aceh
would impose Sharia law
on all non-Muslims
, the armed forces and law enforcement officers, a local police official has announced. The news comes two months after the Deutsche Presse-Agentur
warned of "Taliban-style Islamic police terrorizing Indonesia's Aceh".
is an assertion or belief that religious issues should not be the basis of politics
, a movement that promotes those ideas or (in the extreme) an ideology
that holds that religion has no place in public life. Secularist
organizations are distinguished from merely secular
ones by their political advocacy of such positions.
This word derives from a Latin
word meaning "of the age
." The Christian
doctrine that God exists outside of time
led medieval Western culture
to use secular
to indicate separation from religious affairs and involvement in worldly (or time-related) ones. This meaning has been extended to apply to separation from any religion
, whether or not it has a similar doctrine. This is why the majority of Chrisitian countries are seen to have secular laws.
: شريعة transliteration
: Šarī`ah) is the body of Islamic religious law
. The term means "way" or "path to the water source"; it is the legal framework within which the public and some private aspects of life are regulated for those living in a legal system based on Muslim
principles of jurisprudence
and for Muslims living outside the domain. Sharia
deals with many aspects of day-to-day life, including politics
, and social issues
There is no strictly static codified set of laws of sharia
. Sharia is more of a system of devising laws, based on the Qur'an
(the religious text
(sayings and doings of Muhammad
), (sayings and doings of the early followers of Muhammad), ijma
(analogy) and centuries of debate, interpretation and precedent
Under Sharia law non-Muslims may be subjected to Sharia Laws however it codifies the treatment of dhimmis
in relation to the Muslim state and in cases of over-lapping jurisdiction. Dhimmis are distinctly second-class citizens in that they cannot serve in public office, cannot testify in court and must follow certain rules meant for living on Muslim land and under Muslim protection (such as paying the jizya
). The jizya or tax is enforced on those who broke a treaty or attacked Muslim with no right (as a punishment) or required from those who ask for protection without enrolling in the army. The rules include privilege to practice their own religion, except for public demonstration of non-Muslim religious practices and the right to convert Muslims.
The majority have mixed laws applied in thier country.